Input 群組 (Input group)

輕鬆擴展表單控制元件加入文字內容、按鈕、按鈕群組、其他周圍的文字、自訂選單、自訂檔案欄位等。

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六角學院的 Bootstrap 課程上線囉,立即與萬人一同學習最專業、最深入的 Bootstrap 課程。

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基礎範例 {#basic-example

在 input 的任一側放置一個附加元件或按鈕。 您也可以在 input 的兩面都放置一個。 我們不支持單個輸入組中多個表單控制項。,另外 <label> 必須於表單群組之外。

@
@example.com
https://example.com/users/
$
.00
With textarea
<div class="input-group mb-3">
  <div class="input-group-prepend">
    <span class="input-group-text" id="basic-addon1">@</span>
  </div>
  <input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Username" aria-label="Username" aria-describedby="basic-addon1">
</div>

<div class="input-group mb-3">
  <input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Recipient's username" aria-label="Recipient's username" aria-describedby="basic-addon2">
  <div class="input-group-append">
    <span class="input-group-text" id="basic-addon2">@example.com</span>
  </div>
</div>

<label for="basic-url">Your vanity URL</label>
<div class="input-group mb-3">
  <div class="input-group-prepend">
    <span class="input-group-text" id="basic-addon3">https://example.com/users/</span>
  </div>
  <input type="text" class="form-control" id="basic-url" aria-describedby="basic-addon3">
</div>

<div class="input-group mb-3">
  <div class="input-group-prepend">
    <span class="input-group-text">$</span>
  </div>
  <input type="text" class="form-control" aria-label="Amount (to the nearest dollar)">
  <div class="input-group-append">
    <span class="input-group-text">.00</span>
  </div>
</div>

<div class="input-group">
  <div class="input-group-prepend">
    <span class="input-group-text">With textarea</span>
  </div>
  <textarea class="form-control" aria-label="With textarea"></textarea>
</div>

尺寸

將相對表單大小 Class 加到 .input-group 中,其中的內容將自動調整大小 - 不需要在每個元素上重複表單控制元件大小 Class。

Sizing on the individual input group elements isn’t supported.

Small
Default
Large
<div class="input-group input-group-sm mb-3">
  <div class="input-group-prepend">
    <span class="input-group-text" id="inputGroup-sizing-sm">Small</span>
  </div>
  <input type="text" class="form-control" aria-label="Small" aria-describedby="inputGroup-sizing-sm">
</div>

<div class="input-group mb-3">
  <div class="input-group-prepend">
    <span class="input-group-text" id="inputGroup-sizing-default">Default</span>
  </div>
  <input type="text" class="form-control" aria-label="Default" aria-describedby="inputGroup-sizing-default">
</div>

<div class="input-group input-group-lg">
  <div class="input-group-prepend">
    <span class="input-group-text" id="inputGroup-sizing-lg">Large</span>
  </div>
  <input type="text" class="form-control" aria-label="Large" aria-describedby="inputGroup-sizing-sm">
</div>

核取方塊和選項按鈕附加組件

放置核取方塊或單選按鈕在 input 群組內取代文字。

<div class="input-group mb-3">
  <div class="input-group-prepend">
    <div class="input-group-text">
      <input type="checkbox" aria-label="Checkbox for following text input">
    </div>
  </div>
  <input type="text" class="form-control" aria-label="Text input with checkbox">
</div>

<div class="input-group">
  <div class="input-group-prepend">
    <div class="input-group-text">
    <input type="radio" aria-label="Radio button for following text input">
    </div>
  </div>
  <input type="text" class="form-control" aria-label="Text input with radio button">
</div>

Multiple inputs

While multiple <input>s are supported visually, validation styles are only available for input groups with a single <input>.

First and last name
<div class="input-group">
  <div class="input-group-prepend">
    <span class="input-group-text" id="">First and last name</span>
  </div>
  <input type="text" class="form-control">
  <input type="text" class="form-control">
</div>

多附加組件

支援多個附加元件,可以與核取方塊和單選按鈕 input 混合使用。

$ 0.00
$ 0.00
<div class="input-group mb-3">
  <div class="input-group-prepend">
    <span class="input-group-text">$</span>
    <span class="input-group-text">0.00</span>
  </div>
  <input type="text" class="form-control" aria-label="Amount (to the nearest dollar)">
</div>

<div class="input-group">
  <input type="text" class="form-control" aria-label="Amount (to the nearest dollar)">
  <div class="input-group-append">
    <span class="input-group-text">$</span>
    <span class="input-group-text">0.00</span>
  </div>
</div>

按鈕附加元件

<div class="input-group mb-3">
  <div class="input-group-prepend">
    <button class="btn btn-outline-secondary" type="button">Button</button>
  </div>
  <input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="" aria-label="" aria-describedby="basic-addon1">
</div>

<div class="input-group mb-3">
  <input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Recipient's username" aria-label="Recipient's username" aria-describedby="basic-addon2">
  <div class="input-group-append">
    <button class="btn btn-outline-secondary" type="button">Button</button>
  </div>
</div>

<div class="input-group mb-3">
  <div class="input-group-prepend">
    <button class="btn btn-outline-secondary" type="button">Button</button>
    <button class="btn btn-outline-secondary" type="button">Button</button>
  </div>
  <input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="" aria-label="" aria-describedby="basic-addon1">
</div>

<div class="input-group">
  <input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Recipient's username" aria-label="Recipient's username" aria-describedby="basic-addon2">
  <div class="input-group-append">
    <button class="btn btn-outline-secondary" type="button">Button</button>
    <button class="btn btn-outline-secondary" type="button">Button</button>
  </div>
</div>

帶下拉式選單的按鈕

<div class="input-group mb-3">
  <div class="input-group-prepend">
    <button class="btn btn-outline-secondary dropdown-toggle" type="button" data-toggle="dropdown" aria-haspopup="true" aria-expanded="false">Dropdown</button>
    <div class="dropdown-menu">
      <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Action</a>
      <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Another action</a>
      <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Something else here</a>
      <div role="separator" class="dropdown-divider"></div>
      <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Separated link</a>
    </div>
  </div>
  <input type="text" class="form-control" aria-label="Text input with dropdown button">
</div>

<div class="input-group">
  <input type="text" class="form-control" aria-label="Text input with dropdown button">
  <div class="input-group-append">
    <button class="btn btn-outline-secondary dropdown-toggle" type="button" data-toggle="dropdown" aria-haspopup="true" aria-expanded="false">Dropdown</button>
    <div class="dropdown-menu">
      <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Action</a>
      <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Another action</a>
      <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Something else here</a>
      <div role="separator" class="dropdown-divider"></div>
      <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Separated link</a>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

分段按鈕

<div class="input-group mb-3">
  <div class="input-group-prepend">
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-outline-secondary">Action</button>
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-outline-secondary dropdown-toggle dropdown-toggle-split" data-toggle="dropdown" aria-haspopup="true" aria-expanded="false">
      <span class="sr-only">Toggle Dropdown</span>
    </button>
    <div class="dropdown-menu">
      <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Action</a>
      <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Another action</a>
      <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Something else here</a>
      <div role="separator" class="dropdown-divider"></div>
      <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Separated link</a>
    </div>
  </div>
  <input type="text" class="form-control" aria-label="Text input with segmented dropdown button">
</div>

<div class="input-group">
  <input type="text" class="form-control" aria-label="Text input with segmented dropdown button">
  <div class="input-group-append">
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-outline-secondary">Action</button>
    <button type="button" class="btn btn-outline-secondary dropdown-toggle dropdown-toggle-split" data-toggle="dropdown" aria-haspopup="true" aria-expanded="false">
      <span class="sr-only">Toggle Dropdown</span>
    </button>
    <div class="dropdown-menu">
      <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Action</a>
      <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Another action</a>
      <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Something else here</a>
      <div role="separator" class="dropdown-divider"></div>
      <a class="dropdown-item" href="#">Separated link</a>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

自訂表單

input 群組包含自訂的 select 及自訂的檔案 input,瀏覽器預設版本將不支援。

自訂選單樣式

<div class="input-group mb-3">
  <div class="input-group-prepend">
    <label class="input-group-text" for="inputGroupSelect01">Options</label>
  </div>
  <select class="custom-select" id="inputGroupSelect01">
    <option selected>Choose...</option>
    <option value="1">One</option>
    <option value="2">Two</option>
    <option value="3">Three</option>
  </select>
</div>

<div class="input-group mb-3">
  <select class="custom-select" id="inputGroupSelect02">
    <option selected>Choose...</option>
    <option value="1">One</option>
    <option value="2">Two</option>
    <option value="3">Three</option>
  </select>
  <div class="input-group-append">
    <label class="input-group-text" for="inputGroupSelect02">Options</label>
  </div>
</div>

<div class="input-group mb-3">
  <div class="input-group-prepend">
    <button class="btn btn-outline-secondary" type="button">Button</button>
  </div>
  <select class="custom-select" id="inputGroupSelect03">
    <option selected>Choose...</option>
    <option value="1">One</option>
    <option value="2">Two</option>
    <option value="3">Three</option>
  </select>
</div>

<div class="input-group">
  <select class="custom-select" id="inputGroupSelect04">
    <option selected>Choose...</option>
    <option value="1">One</option>
    <option value="2">Two</option>
    <option value="3">Three</option>
  </select>
  <div class="input-group-append">
    <button class="btn btn-outline-secondary" type="button">Button</button>
  </div>
</div>

自訂檔案 input

Upload
Upload
<div class="input-group mb-3">
  <div class="input-group-prepend">
    <span class="input-group-text">Upload</span>
  </div>
  <div class="custom-file">
    <input type="file" class="custom-file-input" id="inputGroupFile01">
    <label class="custom-file-label" for="inputGroupFile01">Choose file</label>
  </div>
</div>

<div class="input-group mb-3">
  <div class="custom-file">
    <input type="file" class="custom-file-input" id="inputGroupFile02">
    <label class="custom-file-label" for="inputGroupFile02">Choose file</label>
  </div>
  <div class="input-group-append">
    <span class="input-group-text" id="">Upload</span>
  </div>
</div>

<div class="input-group mb-3">
  <div class="input-group-prepend">
    <button class="btn btn-outline-secondary" type="button">Button</button>
  </div>
  <div class="custom-file">
    <input type="file" class="custom-file-input" id="inputGroupFile03">
    <label class="custom-file-label" for="inputGroupFile03">Choose file</label>
  </div>
</div>

<div class="input-group">
  <div class="custom-file">
    <input type="file" class="custom-file-input" id="inputGroupFile04">
    <label class="custom-file-label" for="inputGroupFile04">Choose file</label>
  </div>
  <div class="input-group-append">
    <button class="btn btn-outline-secondary" type="button">Button</button>
  </div>
</div>

親和性

如果您沒有為每個 input 添加 label,螢幕閱讀器會無法正確接收你表單訊息。對於這些 input 群組,請確保有任何 label 或功能傳達到輔助技術。

要使用的確切技術(使用 .sr-only 隱藏 <label> 元素,或者使用 aria-labelaria-labelledby 屬性,可與 aria-describedby 結合使用 )以及需要傳達的其他資訊,將根據您正在實現的元件的具體類型而有所不同。 本節中的範例提供了一些建議,基於具體案例的方法。